COVID-19 Updates

CCSO functions with a provincial perspective in partnership with health care providers, leaders, MOH and Ontario Health to ensure principles and elements of surge capacity management and the provincial structures for critical care are reinforced. CCSO’s tools and resources will continue to support this pandemic event.

COVID-19 and Critical Care in Ontario

With reports of COVID-19 significantly impacting critical care units around the globe, many partners across the province are planning within critical care units, hospitals and regions to be as prepared as possible. 

CCSO is working closely with health system partners to leverage many of the programs and tools implemented through the Critical Care Strategy. In addition, CCSO will be sharing updates and new resources that will support inter-unit and inter-hospital pandemic planning efforts.

All content and media posted on the CCSO web site (in particular the Resources section) are shared for informational purposes only.  CCSO does not endorse these documents and has made them available as potential resources for practitioners to use in conjunction with their clinical context and planning decisions that are taking place within their organizations.

Critical Care Capacity

The experience for health care workers and health system leaders during SARS highlighted incomplete system-level understanding of what, and where, critical care resources existed and how silo functioning impeded the ability to identify and leverage resources across a region to improve access for patients. 

The implementation of programs under the Critical Care Strategy and all subsequent programs supported by CCSO have at their core a focus on monitoring capacity and knowing where it exists and how to leverage this capacity across the system. 

The increasing demand for critical care beds and resources to care for the volumes related to COVID-19 will be significant. A response to this is requiring local, regional and province-wide inputs, to leverage all capacity across all sites, ensuring core services can be maintained and that patients continue to have access to care.


Since 2009, CCSO has supported a provincial ventilator stockpile with over 200 additional ventilators available to hospitals across the province during times of capacity pressures. Additional resources have been made available to increase the number of ventilators in the provincial stockpile that can be used to meet demand in critical care capacity.  These ventilators could potentially be used to care for critical care patients in non-traditional expanded physical space.

The Provincial Ventilator Stockpile Guidance document can be found here as well as the addendum document for the pandemic process here. The documentation for completion – after following the release request process identified in the addendum document – can be accessed here.

Data Analytics and Reporting

The ability to capture information on the COVID-19 status of patients admitted to Ontario critical care units through the Critical Care Information system (CCIS) will facilitate monitoring trends over time of COVID-19 in this patient population. CCSO also monitors ICU capacity pressures and resource utilization crucial to understanding critical care activity in regions and specific hospital sites.

CCSO has developed Provincial and Regional daily COVID-19 Adult, Paediatric, and Neonatal Critical Care dashboard. The dashboard, disseminated daily to our critical care stakeholders, is formatted to provide data analyzed according to previous LHIN boundaries and aggregate information for the corresponding five Ontario Health Regions.  It provides hospitals, regions, provincial leadership, Critical Care Clinical Leads and the Ontario Critical Care COVID-19 Command Centre with information pertinent to COVID-19 activity in critical care units and informs responsive system planning to identify and address any emerging pressures in critical care capacity. 

The timeliness and completeness of CCIS data entry is important to ensure timely and accurate data reporting required to identify system pressures and responding accordingly. Effective March 30, 2020, CCSO requests that each ICU complete LSI ventilation data for all patients in CCIS by 5:30 am. For example, all CCIS data for Monday, March 30th, 2020 is required to be entered in CCIS, fully and accurately, no later than 5:30 a.m. on March 31, 2020. Please refer to the memo disseminated by CCSO to all ICU leaders on March 30, 2020 for more information.  

Find out more about the Critical Care Information System here

CCIS Data Requests

CCIS data (including COVID-19 data) may be requested for research or non-research purposes as permitted under PHIPA. The request can be made by completing the appropriate data request forms (Research; non-Research) and submitted to the CritiCall Ontario Privacy Lead. All requests are reviewed by the CCIS Data Stewardship Committee.

COVID-19 Related Human Resource Practices

Three major areas of focus have been identified as leading practices or innovations to be implemented for organizations during the pandemic to support staff. 

Team Supports for Wellness including PPE

To provide staff with resources to improve mental well-being

Personal Protective Equipment Dashboards

Confirmation of PPE Supplies

Credit: Waterloo Wellington LHIN

Find out more

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Coaches

Implementation of a PPE Coach Role  

Credit: The Hospital for Sick Children

Find out more

Code Lavender: Assistance for Staff Dealing with a Stressful Situation

Assistance for staff dealing with a stressful situation 

Credit: Unity Health Toronto

Find out more

Resilience Check Lists

Checklists to practice gratitude before and at the end of a shift

Credit: Hamilton Health Sciences

Find out more

Health Human Resources – Alternate Models of Care

To provide senior leaders with resources to provide safe, efficient and transparent team based strategies during the pandemic

Simulation Based Education for Alternate Models of Care

Ontario hospital teams are invited to participate in a virtual simulation program designed to help you communicate effectively within a team-based model.

Find out More

Pods Model

Pod model in critical care units. 

As well as a guide to Support RN Roles and Responsibilities for acute care nurses with no prior ICU training and experience from medical surgical inpatient units to provide support when converted to the pod model. 

Credit: Unity Health Toronto 

Find out more

Pandemic Toolkit

Staffing strategies and alternate models of care

Credit: Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

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Health Human Resources: Expanded Team Based Models of Care

These resources are to provide guidance for organizations about activating Team Based Models of Care in response to the growing COVID 19 pressures

HHR Expanded Team Based Models. Presentation

Guidance Document for Healthcare Organizations: Team Based Models of Care

Education and Upskilling

To provide staff with the opportunity for additional education for redeployment and/or upskilling

Centralized Critical Care Modules to Support Upskilling and Education

 Module to support upskilling and education

Credit: Unity Health Toronto

Coming soon

In-House Upskilling Training

Course to review skills and have a preparedness plan for COVID 

Credit: Health Sciences North

Find out more

Critical Care Educator

A dedicated critical care educator to provide an in-house critical care course. 

Credit: Southlake Regional Hospital

Find out more

Critical Care Learning Tools

The Michener Institute module to support upskilling and education.

Credit: The Michener Institute of Education at UHN

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Regional Consultation Guidelines

Small and rural hospitals COVID management response

Credit: Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre

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Planning Tables & Support by Provincial Critical Care Leads

CCSO leadership and members of Provincial Critical Care Leads and Provincial Critical Care Executive Committee (PCCEC) actively participate on a number of the provincial, regional and local pandemic planning committees. These include: 

  • Provincial Critical Care Command Table
  • Ontario Critical Care COVID-19 Command Centre
  • Provincial Ethics Committee
  • Regional Planning Committees

The Provincial Critical Care Leads play an important system-level role regionally and locally to support and coordinate resources and planning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  1. Erie St. Clair: Dr. Eli Malus
  2. South West:  Dr. Ian Ball
  3. Waterloo Wellington: Dr. Francis Reinders
  4. Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant: Dr. Peter Kraus
  5. Central West: Dr. Mike Miletin
  6. Missisauga Halton: Dr. Janos Pataki
  7. Toronto Central: Dr. Niall D. Ferguson
  8. Central: Dr. Mike Sullivan 
  9. Central East: Dr. Randy Wax
  10. South East: Dr. John Drover
  11. Champlain: Dr. David Neilipovitz
  12. North Simcoe Muskoka: Dr. Mark Bailey
  13. North East:  Dr. Josée Thériault
  14. North West: Dr. Michael Scott

Discover more


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